General information and useful tips
Taxis are usually plentiful except when it’s raining, you have lots of luggage or you’re late for an appointment. There are two kinds of taxis, licensed taxis or cabs and private hire cars or minicabs. All taxis must be licensed by the local municipal or borough council and have a registered licence number. Minicabs don’t always need to be licensed, although most are.
The main difference from the passenger’s point of view, is that taxis can be hailed in the street and minicabs can be booked only by telephone. In addition to taxi services, many taxi and minicab companies operate private hire (e.g. weddings, sightseeing), chauffeur and courier services, and provide contract and account services, e.g. to take children to and from school. Many taxi and minicab companies provide a 24-hour service with radio-controlled cars.
Taxis aren’t particularly expensive in the UK and are cheaper than in many other European countries. London taxis (officially called Hackney Carriages) cover an area of around 1,580km2 (610mi2). Each cab has a licence number plate and the driver (cabby) wears a badge bearing his driver number. There’s a minimum charge of around £2.20 for the first 335.8m or 72.2 seconds, plus 20p for each additional 167.9m or 36.1 seconds (a lot of time is spent stuck in traffic); and once the fare is or exceeds £13.40, there is a charge of 20p for each additional 117.7 m or 25.3 seconds, or part thereof.
There are extra charges for additional passengers, luggage, and surcharges for evenings between 8pm and midnight, nights, weekends and public holidays. The fare from London-Heathrow airport (served by London cabs) to central London is around £40 – £70, for a 30-60 minutes journey. There are also business class cabs in London with more luxurious seats, soundproofing and a telephone (and higher rates than standard cabs). In rural areas, taxis charge around £3 a mile (1.6km). Taxi drivers expect a tip of around 10 per cent of the fare, although it isn’t obligatory.
If fares have recently been increased and the meter hasn’t been adjusted to the new rates, an ‘additional fares’ list is displayed inside the cab. Recommended fares for a number of destinations may be published in information booklets, e.g. the Guide to Heathrow Airport published by the British Airports Authority (BAA). Licensed taxis can ply for hire anywhere within their fare area and can be hailed on the streets, hired from taxi ranks (special waiting places for taxis), railway stations, airports and hotels, or can be ordered by telephone.